Class Notes, 14 June 2011


 I went home without my money.

Reasons to narrate from an event that happens late in the sequence:

  1. to include a flashback: to move within POV
  2. to change the tone from the beginning of the story: poses questions to the readers: builds curiosity: or also to answer questions:

   to begin with the effect, and return to narrate the cause

  1. if you begin with the ending, it makes the reader want to know what happened
  2. start with the end, then fill in the pieces that led to the end


knowing the result: searching for motives or clues: adds to the plot when you know the ending:

working backwards: forces readers to pay attention

She spanked me.

Fabula: sequence of events within the narrative

 1. mom gave me money

  1. went to bookfair

 2. teacher told me to come back later for the good stuff

 3. I came back later after school

4. I looked at all the nice books, but I didn’t put my money away

 5. I looked at the books and I notice Chris looking at me

 6. I tried to avoid him

 7. He confronted me and took my money

 8. I went home without my money

 9. Mom asked for my book or money

10. I lied and said I lost it.

Who speaks?

Narrator as author, the narrator is a character: “I”; Cervantes as character

Narrator as character: not described physically, but plays a role in the story: throws in opinions: so it seems like a character; the POV from which we “see” the story or experience the narrative

Narrator not a character

Narrator narrating the narrative of reading Don Quixote’s narrative;

Pg. 73: personal pronouns, 1st person: “original narrator”: our heterodiegetic narrator began the story in Chapter 1

Cide Hamete Benengeli, pg 75

ENGL 170: Schools of criticism

Formalism/stylistics: how the text is structured, or the form of the narrative: narratology; “The reader”: formal analysis, looking at the effects the text produces with its audiences

Re: experimentation / genre

Formal constraints: overcoming formal constraints

Psychoanalysis: Freud; Jung




Queer theory:






Red Riding Hood

 1. Little Red’s mom tells her Grandma’s sick, and you need to take her these cookies.

2.  Little Red on her way to Grandma’s house

3. She meets the wolf in the forest on the way to Grandma’s.

 4. Little Red tells the wolf that she’s going to her Grandma’s house.

  1. Wolf goes to Grandma’s to beat Little Red there.


  1. Wolf gets inside house and eats Grandma


  1. Then wolf disguises himself as Grandma wearing Grandma’s clothes


  1. Little Red arrives with the cookies


  1. Little Red notices that Grandma looks different


  1. Repetition: what big eyes you have / the better to see you with (my dear); . . . what big teeth you have / THE BETTER TO EAT YOU WITH


  1. Wolf tries to eat her and Little Red gets running


  1. Woodcutter shows up, and he saves Little Red by killing the wolf


  1. Woodcutter slices wolf in half and Grandma pops out


Interpretation, why

Why red: red is attractive, catches attention; “ladies, be careful with your virginity”

Red: blood, danger, death

Red: love, passion, ferocity

“forbidden fruit”

Red: Communism?

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